The latter, policy development, is central to the conference series, and we discussed ways that smart applications of technology can improve the outcomes of policy development.
As we’ve witnessed in the last few years, the “internet public” reflects the changed nature of human beings as social and civic individuals. As part of this phenomenon, new connections are increasingly important, and pertinent information gets shared rapidly. One driver of these tools for political use has been the perception that political bodies are self-interested, dysfunctional, and don’t represent citizen interests. We’ve seen citizens rebelling against this order in ongoing Arab Spring uprisings, the Occupy Movement, and newly founded political parties and organizations. READ MORE »
This year has certainly been a roller coaster for the role of the internet in global society. While there have been many advances in protections for the rights of users, unfortunately, there have also been massive steps backward in this arena. Recently, the Diplo Foundation hosted a webinar with Jovan Kurbalija (who literally wrote the book on Internet governance) about the 10 biggest developments in IG in 2011. After participating in the webinar, I began to reflect on these developments have been tied to NDI's work. The full list of developments are available here, and below is a sample of how NDI has contributed to and tracked these developments:
If there's a statute of limitations on event-blogging, this update probably exceeds it - thankfully, innovations in government transparency and citizen monitoring are always timely. Three weeks ago, Facebook teamed up with the offices of House Majority Leader Eric Cantor and Minority Whip Steny Hoyer to host a "Congressional Hackathon." While no actual hacking took place during the event, it was a great opportunity to collaborate and brainstorm new ideas as part of an ongoing conversation about demand for legislative data, standards for sharing, and how to modernize constituent relations. Congressman Darryl Issa even announced a new platform that allows individuals to collaborate and mark up legislation with their own proposals and suggestions. READ MORE »
The resulting report focused on the importance of 'informed communities,' which are able to fully participate in a democratic society. However, the information needs of Americans are unequally met, limiting the ability of some citizens to participating fully in government. The report presents three main ways to ensure communities are informed: maximizing available information, strengthening the capacity to engage with information, and providing opportunities for greater participation. Relevant information helps communities gather, contextualize and share information important to them. Providing tools and skills gives these communities the ability to utilize this information. Beyond this, opportunities must be present for participation in the governance systems. READ MORE »
I had the opportunity to spend a few days in Pristina at the end of June to assess the viability of a planned legislative document management system for the Kosovo Assembly. NDI plans to help, but we needed to be sure the project was on a successful track and see how we could best assist.
Why the cautious approach?
In 2004, five years after the conflict ended in Kosovo, one of the big international organizations correctly identified the need to modernize the legislature. Funds were allocated and plans were drawn up for a DMS (document management system), a bill tracking and legislative document tracking system - a necessity for modern legislatures. However, in spite of best intentions and significant financial investment, the system was deployed but never adopted by the Assembly and now lies dormant as the staff continue to manage legislative business manually - paper, copy machines, re-keying documents, etc. READ MORE »
ICT in the service of “peace” often refers to a broad range of activities encompassing conflict prevention and management, peace operations, humanitarian relief and disaster assistance, and post-conflict peace building and reconstruction.
For example, the ICT4Peace Foundation is committed to effective communication in “crisis management, humanitarian aid and peace building”. A recent USIP collaboration, Blogs & Bullets examines how new media can change the politics of unrest, revolution, violence, and civil war. Their work emphasizes five levels of analysis: individual transformation, intergroup relations, collective action, regime policies, and external attention.
NDI’s approach to ICT & Peace has focused on how key tools can help communities and stakeholders improve communication, facilitate negotiations, increase transparency, and build trust.
Democracy assistance is often seen as falling in the range of activities associated with peace building and conflict resolution, as democratic institutions help maintain peace by providing mechanisms for managing or resolving conflicts without resort to violence. READ MORE »
I had a great time with a lot of interesting folks. In a number of ways, this assessment was easy.
Tech infrastructure and capacity of the Legislature:Virtually nil.
Long-term infrastructure development plan:The same setup needed for, say, a small college .
The real challenge is the short term, and it's basically a question of triage. What are the most critical, targeted steps that can be taken in the next year or two that will have the greatest impact for the most people when you are starting from zero?
The Legislature has some great opportunities precisely because of their complete lack of infrastructure. This is the "benefits of backwardness" - when you're catching up you have a chance to leapfrog technologies. Historians suggest that's one reason Germany did so well when it first industrialized; it was able to jump to cutting-edge capital equipment, not start from spinning jennies. READ MORE »
I'm on the ground in Liberia working on a parliamentary modernization program with the national legislature. NDI does a lot of this work with the idea that a more effective, responsive and competent democratic government is a heck of a lot better for its citizens and more likely to endure.
Liberia's had a rough 30 years and it shows. The World Factbook indicators make for grim reading, and it is telling that the only good road through Monrovia - city of 1.3 million - is rarely busy.
The legislature has had a correspondingly difficult go of it. We're trying to help where we can.
One of the more prosaic but surprisingly complicated parts of a legislature is how a bill becomes a law. Go right ahead and do your review, I'll wait.
So with all the bouncing around a bill does, it's really important to keep track of where it is. Not just in the process - physically, too. It's a pain when you lose it. With the help of a former Chief Clerk* of the Montana State Legislature, we've set up something to do just that.
A couple weeks ago I accompanied our Governance Director, Scott Hubli, to the International Council for Information Technology in Government Administration (ICA) conference. Scott was facilitating a conversation with government IT leaders from around the world on the role of citizens in governance in a rapidly changing technology environment where social media, mobile and similar technologies play an increasing role. There were six or eight of us hashing out some of this stuff and an interesting framework emerged that I found worth sharing – and that provides an opportunity to pitch some of our thinking about the potential of technology in emerging democracies going forward.
The broad theory that emerged could be summarized as follows: the rise of social media and citizen tools are creating new ways for citizens to engage with policy makers and leaders that bypass and therefore weaken traditional structures of representative government. However, the policymakers have not effectively learned how to deal with the public input coming in these new channels and transform these interests into effective policy – making policy less representative while potentially frustrating citizens who don't see an impact of their engagement leading to disillusionment with the process and possibly with democracy itself. READ MORE »
I hit the World Bank today for "Mapping for Results." Putting results front and center is a great idea - as mapping has shot up the hype cycle, it's nice to focus on what it can do beyond putting up pretty pictures. However, I call False Advertising on the conference coordinators.
Maps are a particularly sexy current form of visualization, and there's a lot of great information that can be conveyed that way. (Shameless self-promotion: Like, oh, AfghanistanElectionData.org/.)
The real star of the panels at the event today was not the maps: it was the data backing them. Like the puppeteer pulling the strings, the maps only do what the data tells them to. Panelists returned time and again to the importance of open data and easing access to it.
The World Bank's been a real leader in the Open Data movement; their site, data.worldbank.gov, has thousands of data sets available for download. A lot of neat work has been build on top of their information already. But it's hard, cuz it's yet another data silo. All that info has to be pulled from their site and integrated into your own. READ MORE »